Perhaps you have always asked this question, does bamboo have seeds? You will want to check out this post. Bamboo is a perennial plant that belongs to the grass family. There are over 10,000 species of bamboo plants. Their heights rangefrom 10 feet to more than 100 feet. Like any other grass, bamboo reproduces in various ways including the process of flower formation and production of seed.
Now, if you have been lucky enough to have come across the bamboo seeds, you may have noticed that the seeds are not completely uniform. They are smaller compared to other cereal seeds. It’s not easy to find bamboo seeds since it has to flower first, and this is very unpredictable and sporadic among all species. Sometimes, it is known to occur
only once in a span of thirty to a hundred years.
Some bamboo species usually flower gregariously. All bamboo coming flower one cone do flower together. Then, the plants start dying slowly once they have already seeded. Therefore, with that lengthy flowering, long cycles of seed production and potential plant deaths, it is not easy for you to research into single bamboo species on their seed production unless you carry it out through generation.
Now as stated earlier, unlike any other type of common grass, most bamboo plants usually reach their reproductive stage after ten to sixty years of growth. Most of these plants only flower once and later they die after they seed their first time. Other few species blossom again though.
Bamboo flowers usually look like a wheat head. Pollination mainly occurs with the help of insects or wind, although few other species do self-pollination. It might take several weeks between the pollination and when the seed is set.
Mature seeds often appear brown and dry and usually resembles grains of rice. Also, there are other giant bamboo plants like Melaconna baccifera which usually produce seed that are large like small pears.
Bamboo seeds lose viability gradually. It is therefore essential you sow them as soon as you harvest them. Most bamboo seeds take one to three weeks to germinate, although some may take longer. You should dump these seeds slightly in well-drained soil. After that, you slightly cover them with a well-fined soil layer. You should also ensure the soil does not dry during the germination process.
What are the alternatives to bamboo seed propagation?
Most professional bamboo growers propagate new bamboo growth by using the vegetative cuts instead of waiting for the plant to mature and germinate. As most bamboo usually produces underground runners, you can cut through those runners and transplant the removed segments to provide quicker germination.
All in all, bamboo have seeds. However, since bamboo rarely flowers and produce seeds, you will realize that finding their seeds is not easy. So if you a bamboo grower and you are not lucky to collect the seeds on your own, perhaps you may consider purchasing. Alternatively, you can use the alternative seed propagation to grown your bamboo.